How Does a Hoverboard Work – (2022 Technology Explained)

A hoverboard is a riding device that works on self-balancing principles. It makes use of novel technologies to provide amusement, convenience, and much more in daily lifestyle. A two-wheeler hoverboard is driven by batteries and a motor and has a balancing point that makes it a unique and fun-filled device. Hoverboards have excellent weight-bearing capacity; therefore, people of all age groups can enjoy riding them. As they use electrical components to operate; therefore, they are manufactured with extra care to meet the safety standards. A lot of people are curious about the functioning of a hoverboard. Let us discuss how a hoverboard works.

Before going deep into understanding the main functionality, we must know that it is all about self-balancing. The self-balancing feature is what makes it a popular device. They consist of a center point, also known as a fulcrum. This central point is responsible for all the self-balancing properties. It gives the hoverboard stability and allows you to have a steady and smooth ride. You have to adjust your position to change the direction while riding.

How Does a Hoverboard Work?

Electrical components

Now the key features that run the hoverboard are all the electrical components a hoverboard is equipped with. Without these electrical parts, there is no use of a hoverboard as it cannot drive without them. So basically, it consists of single or dual motors, sensors, and batteries. Besides, they are equipped with gyroscopes, switches, and a logic board. All of these electronic components work in combination to run the hoverboard with a tremendous speed. Let us now discuss stepwise how each component contributes to running the hoverboard.


First and foremost, the electrical energy is stored in the batteries that are, most of the time, lithium-ion batteries. The top quality hoverboards have proper positioning and insulation of the battery to prevent it from overheating and combustion. Once you charge the battery, it stores the electrical energy for future use. The batteries usually take 2 to 4 hours to charge fully. They provide a backup of 1 to 2 hours depending upon the type of batteries and usage of the hoverboard.


Once the hoverboard is charged, the motors will take up the electrical energy and convert it into mechanical energy. This mechanical energy is used to turn the wheels at whatever speed it is capable of. Moreover, some of the hoverboards have dual motors that are independent of each other. They have a motor for each wheel that makes it capable of spinning in one place.


Hoverboards are equipped with sensors under the foot paddles and in wheels. Once you step on the food paddles, the sensors turn on and send information to the logic board that prevents the board from riding. Also, it alerts the system that the rider is on the hoverboard. After that, inclining forward a little bit will be sensed by the wheels’ sensors, and the logic board will interpret that information. In that way, the hoverboard will start functioning. The same thing happens when you mean to swivel.

Speed of a Hoverboard

The speed of a hoverboard can be controlled by switching between the modes. Leaning forward will initiate the ride, and the maximum speed a hoverboard can reach is 6 to 8 mph. The speed of your device mostly depends upon what type of terrain it is made for. Moreover, the speed of a hoverboard is different for different age groups. Some of the hoverboards can reach up to 10 mph; those hoverboards are called off-road hoverboards. In addition to that, the majority of the hoverboards can go up to 4 miles on a single charge. The total number of miles your hoverboard can cover depends upon the battery quality. Lastly, if you want, you can make your own hoverboard too.

Additional Features

Some additional features include built-in Bluetooth speakers and LED lights. The speaker provides connectivity to your portable devices so that you can listen to your favorite tunes while riding. Moreover, the built-in LED lights make the device look cool in the dark. Apart from that, the front and rear LED lights act as headlights to make the ride safe for you. Now, coming to talk a little bit about the construction of the hoverboard.

As discussed above, that hoverboard works on the self-balancing principle, so the overall body is made, keeping in mind that principle. It consists of an outer shell that is robust enough to withstand a lot of weight. In addition to that, the foot paddles are non-slip and provide a firm grip for your feet. It is mainly made up of synthetic rubber that prevents you from falling. Moreover, the wheels are also hard-wearing, and the size might range from 6.5 inches to 10 inches. These wheels provide a smooth and steady ride as it is made with top quality material.

Related Guides: Best Hoverboards for Beginners | Hoverboards for Kids


What is the purpose of the two motors?

Some of the hoverboards are equipped with two motors with each wheel. Both the motors are independent of each other. Two motors create more power and allow for more speed. Moreover, you can swivel your hoverboard if it has two motors.

How long does a hoverboard last?

Typically, the battery of a hoverboard lasts up to 2 hours. A hoverboard can go up to 8 miles on a single charge. If you own a hoverboard with a good quality battery and take better care of your board, it might last you for three years.

Can you ride your hoverboard on grass or gravel?

Yes, you can ride your hoverboard on grass or gravel. For that matter, the hoverboard wheels need to be 8.5 inches and above. A 6.5 inches hoverboard can be correctly ridden on smooth roads and pavements.

Bottom Line

While hoverboards provide a great deal of fun and amusement, there is a lot of thought process involved in making these devices. They are made with exceptional care as they are driven by batteries. Low-quality batteries and improper positioning can lead to fire hazards. They are equipped with some revolutionary technologies that make them a high-performance hoverboard. It takes a battery, motors, sensors, and a logic board for a hoverboard to perform well.

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Charles is the co-owner of BudgetOrbit and manages all the technical aspects of the website. He's an eco-friendly commute advocate and has been interested in hoverboards and skateboards since his childhood.